Circumcision (from the Latin word meaning “cutting”) is a surgical intervention which involves circumferential extirpation of the prepuce of penis.

This operation has been known since ancient times. Since before the new age, the operation was known to prehistoric tribes. Even at that time, the sanitary significance of the procedure was known.

Today, the operation may be performed for religious reasons, or based on medical indications. The primary indication for circumcision is phimosis. Phimosis is a condition where the balanus cannot be bared due to a narrowness of the prepuce. The disorder may lead to chronic inflammatory infectious processes or urination difficulties.