Retinal detachment is a serious eye disease, which, in case of untimely surgical treatment, can lead to complete blindness and death of the eye.
In this pathology, the retinal neuroepithelium layer is separated from the pigment epithelium, as a result, accumulation of fluid is formed between them.
There are dystrophic (against the background of degenerative changes in the retina), traumatic (due to blunt trauma or penetrating injury), secondary (with various pathological processes in the eye) and traction retinal detachment (most often with diabetes mellitus).
Patients with high degree of myopia, diabetes mellitus and certain types of retinal dystrophy are at risk for retinal detachment.
Retinal detachment requires immediate surgical treatment. The "gold" standard of surgery for uncomplicated forms of retinal detachment is circulation with extrascleral filling.
The essence of surgical treatment is to restore the normal position of the retina relative to the vascular membrane using a special silicone seal and tape. During the surgery, a seal or tape (circular or local) is applied to the outer shell of the eye (sclera), which ensures that the sclera approaches the area of the retinal defect, retinal tears are blocked. This makes it possible to restore the original position of the retina and restore sight.
Vitrectomy is performed in the case of complicated forms of retinal detachment. It’s an intraocular intervention in which the vitreous body is removed, the retina is mobilized, straightened and fixed. Postoperative tamponade of the vitreous cavity of the eye is performed by one of the vitreous substitutes: a balanced saline solution, sterile air or a gas-air mixture, perfluoroorganic fluids or silicone oil. All manipulations inside the eye cavity are carried out with miniature instruments, which ensures atraumatic surgery, requires a minimum number of stitches.
In our center, the treatment of retinal and vitreous pathology is carried out on an outpatient basis (without hospitalization).
HOW TO GET INTO EYE SURGERY AT THE RCMC
1. Call the Contact Center to make an appointment with an ophthalmologist
2. Sign a contract for the provision of paid services at the registry
3. Pay the bill at the cash desk of the RCMC or through the ERIP
4. Come to the appointment on time