Functional diagnostics specialists use instrumental testing techniques to diagnose disorders of various organs and systems and evaluate their functional capacity with the aim of early identification of disorders and monitoring of therapy effectiveness.
FUNCTIONAL DIAGNOSTIC CAPABILITIES OF THE RCMC
Specialists of the Functional Diagnostics Department perform the following examinations:
This study is appointed when there is a risk of a heart condition, when such a condition has already been diagnosed, to monitor the patient’s status, as well as in cases of deterioration of the patient’s condition, painful sensation in the region of the heart, respiratory distress or arrhythmia.
These are performed to diagnose coronary artery status and to evaluate reactions of the cardiovascular system to loads that are impossible to produce during an electrocardiography while in a state of rest.
Some indications to this examination are painful sensations and heart murmurs, rhythm disturbance, easy fatigability, low tolerance to physical loads, labored breathing, edema etc. Echocardiography offers the physician a more in-depth view of the patient’s heart status.
Echocardiography with cardiac strain evaluation
Myocardium strain evaluation makes it possible to assess cardiac function and reveal latent abnormalities at early stages of a disease. The technique is related to the biomechanics of the cardiac muscle. It enables visualization and evaluation of initial indicators of myocardium dysfunction and structure impairment and assessment of the muscle system, the degree of fibrosis and overall performance of the heart. These parameters enable the physician to appoint appropriate and timely treatment or to adjust therapy.
The technique is especially important for patients affected by:
- arterial hypertension;
- cardiac rhythm disturbance episodes;
- previous myocardial infarction;
- coronary heart disease;
- chronic obstructive lung disease and chronic bronchitis;
- chronic kidney disease;
- thyroid gland disorders;
- familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy;
- painful sensation in the left half of chest of an unclear nature;
- for heart examination during X-ray or chemotherapy;
- women climacterical period.
The technique offers the maximum resolution when visualizing heart structures, and makes it possible to reveal thrombuses, cardiac chamber tumors and other disorders.
Ultrasonic brachiocephalic vessel examination.
Indications to this study include: suspected stenoses (strictures), arterial sclerotic impairments, vessel development anomalies; vessel course abnormalities (in particular those related to vertebral osteochondrosis), etc.
Ultrasonic examination of upper and lower limb arteries
Indications to this type of examinations include: suspected thrombosis, varicose vein dilation, stenoses (strictures), arterial sclerotic impairments, development anomalies, vessel pathologies, etc.
This functional diagnostics technique is applied in sports medicine and rehabilitation, cardiology, pulmonology, cardiosurgery, and thoracic and general surgery.
Helicobacter pylori diagnosis (13С urea breath test)
The test enables the ascertainment of the bacterial etiology of gastritis and stomach ulcer. During the test, the patient does not have to swallow a probe, the air exhaled by the patient is sufficient to make a diagnosis. Test result is available in 50 minutes.
24-hour ECG and blood presure monitoring, bifunctional 12-channel ECG and blood pressure monitoring
Indications to a 24-hour monitoring are: faintness, heart pounding, dizziness; assessment of the effectiveness of antiarrhythmic therapy; cardiac blood supply insufficiency, etc.
External breathing examination
The examination makes it possible to determine the causes of lung disorders, to develop a treatment procedure and to evaluate its effectiveness.
This diagnostic procedure is essential in the identification of epilepsy and certain other cerebral pathologies.
This is the most informative technique in the diagnostics of polyneurites, mononeurites, polyneuropathies and other disorders associated with peripheral nerve impairment.
Vestibulometry and stabilometry
These procedures are intended to reveal balance and gait disorders and to identify cause of dizziness.